Kasauli/Kussoswlie Convalescent Depôt

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Kasauli/Kussoswlie Convalescent Depôt

Postby susancammas » 07 Dec 2016 08:16

Good morning to all the experts

Does anybody happen to know when Kasauli/Kussowlie became a Convalescent Depôt?

Many thanks
Susan
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Re: Kasauli/Kussoswlie Convalescent Depôt

Postby Frogsmile » 08 Dec 2016 14:19

susancammas wrote:Good morning to all the experts

Does anybody happen to know when Kasauli/Kussowlie became a Convalescent Depôt?

Many thanks
Susan


A medical paper dated 1870, refers to Kasauli, along with various other hill stations, as having been a "large" convalescent depot for "many years". During that time it came to specialise in the treatment of enteric fever. The station was first developed by the British in 1842, and there was a bad outbreak of Cholera in 1845, probably because the station did not, initially, have its own water supply and all water had to be brought up by donkey from 1.5 miles below the station. Later on a pumping station was developed to draw water up to the heights, something that was repeated for many of the other hill stations where increasing water requirements could not be met.

It seems very likely that the convalescence depot element was established by the late 1840s, as were almost all the others in that area (around Simla). There was also a hospital there and, later on, the Army School of Gymnasia (India) and Army Signalling School (India), where NCOs attended courses to qualify them as unit instructors. Looking at the circa 1876 strength returns at 1. below, the depot at Kasauli must have been the largest.

1. http://digital.nls.uk/indiapapers/brows ... nscription

2. http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/onlineex ... 62351.html

3. http://www.ebay.co.uk/itm/1899-ARMY-CON ... 2121377745
Last edited by Frogsmile on 09 Dec 2016 11:54, edited 4 times in total.
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Re: Kasauli/Kussoswlie Convalescent Depôt

Postby susancammas » 08 Dec 2016 18:02

Good evening Frogsmile

You have beaten me to it! Thanks once again for your help and the added bonus of a photo. When I first looked at it, it seemed as though the soldiers were playing in a children's playground! On closer inspection, I think they were probably having a break from constructing some kind of building.

I have read the 1870 medical document you referred to and come to the same conclusion.
In my search, I also came across a recent book (1996) written by an American - here are the references in case anyone is interested:

The Magic Mountains
Hill Stations and the British Raj
Dane Kennedy
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA PRESS

It has some interesting information on the topic of Hill Stations.

Thanks again

Kind Regards
Susan
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Re: Kasauli/Kussoswlie Convalescent Depôt

Postby Frogsmile » 08 Dec 2016 18:08

susancammas wrote:Good evening Frogsmile

You have beaten me to it! Thanks once again for your help and the added bonus of a photo. When I first looked at it, it seemed as though the soldiers were playing in a children's playground! On closer inspection, I think they were probably having a break from constructing some kind of building.

I have read the 1870 medical document you referred to and come to the same conclusion.
In my search, I also came across a recent book (1996) written by an American - here are the references in case anyone is interested:

The Magic Mountains
Hill Stations and the British Raj
Dane Kennedy
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA PRESS

It has some interesting information on the topic of Hill Stations.

Thanks again

Kind Regards
Susan


Glad to be of help Susan. The 'construction' is actually outdoor exercise apparatus and if you enlarge (click on image) you can see Olympics type exercise rings suspended from ropes, an elevated balancing rail, a vaulting horse and a scaling wall (with standing platform on one side). These are all for the Army School of Gymnasia (India) mentioned above.
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