A VWF Guide to Campaign Medals of the Victorian era

For all discussions relating to military uniforms, insignia, equipment and medals of the Victorian period.

Re: Medals of the Victorian Period - A Basic Intro'

Postby Unknownsoldier » 16 Jul 2008 20:29

1894 – Hong Kong Plague Medal
BENEATH THIS STONE RESTS THE BODY OF A BRITISH WARRIOR UNKNOWN BY NAME OR RANK BROUGHT FROM FRANCE TO LIE AMONG THE MOST ILLUSTRIOUS OF THE LAND. THEY BURIED HIM AMONG THE KINGS BECAUSE HE HAD DONE GOOD TOWARD GOD AND TOWARD HIS HOUSE.
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Re: Medals of the Victorian Period - A Basic Intro'

Postby Unknownsoldier » 16 Jul 2008 20:30

1895 – Central Africa Medal

Date Instituted: 1895.

Campaign: Central Africa 1891-98.

Description: This medal is identical to the East & West Africa medal (and thus the Ashantee Medal) with Queen Victoria crowned and veiled head on the obverse with the legend ‘VICTORIA REGINA’. The reverse depicts troops in combat with natives against a jungle background. The suspender is straight with a claw mount sweated to the medal.

Metal: Silver or bronze.

Size: 36mm.

Clasps: ‘CENTRAL AFRICA 1894-98’.

Naming: Impressed with square sans serif capitals, engraved script or issued unnamed.

Comments: This medal was also issued in bronze to some native troops and those awarded with the clasp ‘CENTRAL AFRICA 1894-98’ are considered rare.
Last edited by Unknownsoldier on 09 Aug 2008 21:00, edited 1 time in total.
BENEATH THIS STONE RESTS THE BODY OF A BRITISH WARRIOR UNKNOWN BY NAME OR RANK BROUGHT FROM FRANCE TO LIE AMONG THE MOST ILLUSTRIOUS OF THE LAND. THEY BURIED HIM AMONG THE KINGS BECAUSE HE HAD DONE GOOD TOWARD GOD AND TOWARD HIS HOUSE.
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Re: Medals of the Victorian Period - A Basic Intro'

Postby Unknownsoldier » 16 Jul 2008 20:30

1895 – Jummoo and Kashmir Medal
BENEATH THIS STONE RESTS THE BODY OF A BRITISH WARRIOR UNKNOWN BY NAME OR RANK BROUGHT FROM FRANCE TO LIE AMONG THE MOST ILLUSTRIOUS OF THE LAND. THEY BURIED HIM AMONG THE KINGS BECAUSE HE HAD DONE GOOD TOWARD GOD AND TOWARD HIS HOUSE.
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Re: Medals of the Victorian Period - A Basic Intro'

Postby Unknownsoldier » 16 Jul 2008 20:31

1896 – Ashanti Star

Image

Date Instituted: 1896.

Campaign: Gold Coast 1896.

Description: Four pointed star with a St. Andrews Cross visible between the points. The obverse has a crown in the centre within a circle and the legend ‘ASHANTI 1896’. The reverse has the raised inscription ‘FROM THE QUEEN’ in the centre within a raised circle. Attachment to the ribbon is via a small ring which passes through a smaller loop on the top point of the star.

Metal: Bronze.

Size: 44mm.

Clasps: None authorised for this medal.

Naming: Most were issued un-named but those awarded to members of the 2nd Bn. West Yorkshire Regiment have their name and regiment engraved on the reverse of the arms of the cross. This was done at the personal expense of the Colonel.

Comments: Some 2,000 of these stars were awarded to British and colonial troops.
Last edited by Unknownsoldier on 09 Aug 2008 21:01, edited 2 times in total.
BENEATH THIS STONE RESTS THE BODY OF A BRITISH WARRIOR UNKNOWN BY NAME OR RANK BROUGHT FROM FRANCE TO LIE AMONG THE MOST ILLUSTRIOUS OF THE LAND. THEY BURIED HIM AMONG THE KINGS BECAUSE HE HAD DONE GOOD TOWARD GOD AND TOWARD HIS HOUSE.
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Re: Medals of the Victorian Period - A Basic Intro'

Postby Unknownsoldier » 16 Jul 2008 20:31

1896 – India Medal

Image

Clasps:

Defence of Chitral 1895,
3 March - 13 April 1895,
Relief of Chitral 1895,
7 March - 15 August 1895,
Punjab Frontier 1897-98,
10 June 1897 -- 6 April 1898,
Malakand 1897,
26 July - 2 August 1897 (Awarded to troops involved in the Siege of Malakand.),
Samana 1897,
2 August - 2 October 1897,
Tirah 1897-98,
2 October 1897 - 6 April 1898,
Waziristan 1901-02,
23 November 1901 - 10 March 1902.

Overview:

The India Medal was a campaign medal approved in 1896, for issue to officers and men of the British and Indian armies.

The India Medal was awarded for various minor military campaigns in India, chiefly for service on the North-West Frontier during 1895 to 1902. This medal replaced the India General Service Medal (1854). Each campaign was represented by a clasp on the ribbon; seven were sanctioned.

The obverse of the medal held the profile of Queen Victoria, or, after January 22, 1901, Edward VII, while the reverse portrayed one British and one Indian soldier carrying a standard.
Last edited by Unknownsoldier on 09 Aug 2008 18:58, edited 2 times in total.
BENEATH THIS STONE RESTS THE BODY OF A BRITISH WARRIOR UNKNOWN BY NAME OR RANK BROUGHT FROM FRANCE TO LIE AMONG THE MOST ILLUSTRIOUS OF THE LAND. THEY BURIED HIM AMONG THE KINGS BECAUSE HE HAD DONE GOOD TOWARD GOD AND TOWARD HIS HOUSE.
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Re: Medals of the Victorian Period - A Basic Intro'

Postby Unknownsoldier » 16 Jul 2008 20:32

1896 – British South Africa Company’s Medal
BENEATH THIS STONE RESTS THE BODY OF A BRITISH WARRIOR UNKNOWN BY NAME OR RANK BROUGHT FROM FRANCE TO LIE AMONG THE MOST ILLUSTRIOUS OF THE LAND. THEY BURIED HIM AMONG THE KINGS BECAUSE HE HAD DONE GOOD TOWARD GOD AND TOWARD HIS HOUSE.
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Re: Medals of the Victorian Period - A Basic Intro'

Postby Unknownsoldier » 16 Jul 2008 20:32

1897 – Khedives Sudan Medal 1896-1908

Image
Seen here in both silver and bronze versions.
Last edited by Unknownsoldier on 09 Aug 2008 19:01, edited 2 times in total.
BENEATH THIS STONE RESTS THE BODY OF A BRITISH WARRIOR UNKNOWN BY NAME OR RANK BROUGHT FROM FRANCE TO LIE AMONG THE MOST ILLUSTRIOUS OF THE LAND. THEY BURIED HIM AMONG THE KINGS BECAUSE HE HAD DONE GOOD TOWARD GOD AND TOWARD HIS HOUSE.
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Re: Medals of the Victorian Period - A Basic Intro'

Postby Unknownsoldier » 16 Jul 2008 20:32

1899 – East and Central Africa Medal

Date Instituted: 1899.

Campaign: East & Central Africa 1897-99.

Description: The obverse bears the head of Queen Victoria and the legend ‘VICTORIA REGINA ET IMPERATRIX’. The reverse has the figure of Britannia standing next to a lion holding her trident in her right hand and a pal branch and scroll in her outstretched left hand. In the exergue below are the words ‘EAST AND CENTRAL AFRICA. The suspender is straight and is riveted to the medal with a claw mount.

Metal: Silver or bronze.

Size: 36mm.

Clasps: ‘LUBWA’S’, ‘UGANDA 1897-98’, ‘1898’ and ‘UGANDA 1899’.

Naming: Usually in indented capitals or thin engraved sloping or upright capitals or running script for some Indian troops.

Comments: All silver issues of this medal were awarded with a clasp but some bronze examples were awarded without to camp followers.
Last edited by Unknownsoldier on 09 Aug 2008 21:02, edited 1 time in total.
BENEATH THIS STONE RESTS THE BODY OF A BRITISH WARRIOR UNKNOWN BY NAME OR RANK BROUGHT FROM FRANCE TO LIE AMONG THE MOST ILLUSTRIOUS OF THE LAND. THEY BURIED HIM AMONG THE KINGS BECAUSE HE HAD DONE GOOD TOWARD GOD AND TOWARD HIS HOUSE.
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Re: Medals of the Victorian Period - A Basic Intro'

Postby Unknownsoldier » 16 Jul 2008 20:35

1899 – Queens Sudan Medal

Apology's for the poor picture but the medal is framed, however you will get an idea.... it is the first medal in the line :mrgreen:

Image

Date Instituted: 1899.

Campaign: Sudan Reconquest 1896-97.

Description: The obverse bears the bust of Queen Victoria and the legend ‘VICTORIA REGINA ET IMPERATRIX’. The reverse has the winged figure of Victory seated with her arms outstretched holding a palm branch in her left hand and a laurel wreath in her right. In the background are the Royal Standards and below her feet is the word ‘SUDAN’. The suspender is straight and attached to the medal with a riveted claw mount.

Metal: Silver.

Size: 36mm.

Clasps: None authorised for this medal.

Naming: Styles of naming varies considerably including engraved neat sloping capitals, upright capitals, impressed thin Roman capitals while some were awarded un-named. Arabic naming is also found to native troops.

Comments: An unofficial clasp of ‘DONGOLA’ is known to exist
Last edited by Unknownsoldier on 09 Aug 2008 21:03, edited 2 times in total.
BENEATH THIS STONE RESTS THE BODY OF A BRITISH WARRIOR UNKNOWN BY NAME OR RANK BROUGHT FROM FRANCE TO LIE AMONG THE MOST ILLUSTRIOUS OF THE LAND. THEY BURIED HIM AMONG THE KINGS BECAUSE HE HAD DONE GOOD TOWARD GOD AND TOWARD HIS HOUSE.
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Re: Medals of the Victorian Period - A Basic Intro'

Postby Unknownsoldier » 16 Jul 2008 20:35

1899 - Canadian General Service Medal

Date Instituted: 1889.

Campaign: Canada 1866-70.

Description: The obverse has the diademed head of Queen Victoria and the inscription ‘VICTORIA REGINA ET IMPERATRIX’. The reverse bears the Canadian national flag flanked by two branches of maple leaves and the word ‘CANADA’ at the top. The suspender is straight with a claw type mount riveted to the medal.

Metal: Silver.

Size: 36mm.

Clasps: 'FENIAN RAID 1866', 'FENIAN RAID 1870' and 'RED RIVER 1870.

Naming: Normally found impressed in either square sans serif capitals or in upper and lower case Roman type. Some engraved examples are also known.

Comments: This medal was not authorised until nearly 30 years after the events for which it was awarded. It was never issued without a clasp and an example encountered with all three clasps is extremely rare as only 11 such awards were made and a complimentary one was sent to Colonel J. Cowie Nichols of New Zealand.
Last edited by Unknownsoldier on 09 Aug 2008 21:03, edited 1 time in total.
BENEATH THIS STONE RESTS THE BODY OF A BRITISH WARRIOR UNKNOWN BY NAME OR RANK BROUGHT FROM FRANCE TO LIE AMONG THE MOST ILLUSTRIOUS OF THE LAND. THEY BURIED HIM AMONG THE KINGS BECAUSE HE HAD DONE GOOD TOWARD GOD AND TOWARD HIS HOUSE.
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Re: Medals of the Victorian Period - A Basic Intro'

Postby Unknownsoldier » 16 Jul 2008 20:36

1899-1902 – Queens South Africa Medal

Image
Image

Clasps:

State Clasps;

CAPE COLONY - 11 October 1899 - 31 May 1902

NATAL - 11 October 1899 and 11 June 1900

RHODESIA - 11 October 1899 - 17 May 1900

ORANGE FREE STATE - 28 February 1900 - 31 May 1902

TRANSVAAL - 24 May 1900 and 31 May 1902

SOUTH AFRICA 1901 - Awarded to those not eligible for the King's Medal although they had served at the front between 01 January and 31 December 1901.

SOUTH AFRICA 1902 - Awarded to those not eligible for the King's Medal although they had served at the front between 01 January and 31 May 1902.

Battle Clasps;

DEFENCE OF MAFEKING 13 October 1899 - 17 May 1900 (CC)

DEFENCE OF KIMBERLEY 15 October 1899 - 15 February 1900 (CC)

TALANA 20 October 1899 (Natal)

ELANDS-LAAGTE 21 October 1899 (Natal)

DEFENCE OF LADYSMITH 3 November 1899 - 28 February 1900 (Natal)
BELMONT 23 November 1899 (CC)

MODDER RIVER 28 November 1899 (CC)

RELIEF OF LADYSMITH 15 December 1899 - 28 February 1900 (Natal)

TUGELA HEIGHTS 12-27 February 1900 (Natal)

RELIEF OF KIMBERLEY 15 February 1900 (CC)

PAARDEBERG 17-26 February 1900 (OFS)

DRIEFONTEIN 10 March 1900 - Awarded to troops serving with Army Headquarters and LtGen French's column which advanced from Popular Grove on 10 March 1900 (OFS)

WEPENER 9-25 April 1900 (OFS)

RELIEF OF MAFEKING 17 May 1900 (CC)

JOHANNESBURG - Awarded to those troops who, on 29 May 1900, were north of an east and west line through Klip River Station and east of a north and south line through Krugersdorp Station (Trans)

DIAMOND HILL 11-12 June 1900 (Trans)

WITTEBERGEN 1-29 July 1900 (OFS)

BELFAST - Awarded to troops who, on 26 or 27 August 1900, were east of a north and south line drawn through Wonderfonein, and west of a north and south line through Dalmanutha Station, and north of an east and west line drawn through Carolina (Trans)

LAING'S NEK 12 June 1901 (Natal)

Overview:

The Queen's South Africa Medal or QSA ‎was awarded to military personnel who served in the Boer War in South Africa between October 11, 1899 and May 31, 1902. Units from the British Army, Royal Navy, colonial forces who took part (Australia, Canada, New Zealand, India and South Africa), civilians employed in official capacity and war correspondents.

The QSA was the medal issued to all who served in South Africa up to the end of the war in May 1902. Hence they were issued to those like the New Zealand 10th Contingent who arrived in Durban in May 1902, and did no fighting. The requirements for the King's South Africa Medal meant that few were issued.
Last edited by Unknownsoldier on 09 Aug 2008 19:01, edited 2 times in total.
BENEATH THIS STONE RESTS THE BODY OF A BRITISH WARRIOR UNKNOWN BY NAME OR RANK BROUGHT FROM FRANCE TO LIE AMONG THE MOST ILLUSTRIOUS OF THE LAND. THEY BURIED HIM AMONG THE KINGS BECAUSE HE HAD DONE GOOD TOWARD GOD AND TOWARD HIS HOUSE.
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Re: Medals of the Victorian Period - A Basic Intro'

Postby Unknownsoldier » 16 Jul 2008 20:37

1900 – Kimberly Star
BENEATH THIS STONE RESTS THE BODY OF A BRITISH WARRIOR UNKNOWN BY NAME OR RANK BROUGHT FROM FRANCE TO LIE AMONG THE MOST ILLUSTRIOUS OF THE LAND. THEY BURIED HIM AMONG THE KINGS BECAUSE HE HAD DONE GOOD TOWARD GOD AND TOWARD HIS HOUSE.
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Re: Medals of the Victorian Period - A Basic Intro'

Postby Unknownsoldier » 17 Jul 2008 10:43

1900 – Kimberly Medal
BENEATH THIS STONE RESTS THE BODY OF A BRITISH WARRIOR UNKNOWN BY NAME OR RANK BROUGHT FROM FRANCE TO LIE AMONG THE MOST ILLUSTRIOUS OF THE LAND. THEY BURIED HIM AMONG THE KINGS BECAUSE HE HAD DONE GOOD TOWARD GOD AND TOWARD HIS HOUSE.
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Re: Medals of the Victorian Period - A Basic Intro'

Postby Unknownsoldier » 17 Jul 2008 10:44

1900 – Cape of Good Hope Service Medal

Date Instituted: 1900.

Campaign: Native uprisings in Cape of Good Hope 1880-97.

Description: The obverse bears the head of Queen Victoria and the legend ‘VICTORIA REGINA ET IMPERATRIX’. The reverse has the arms of the Cape Colony with the words ‘CAPE OF GOOD HOPE’ above and the inscription ‘SPES CONA’ below. The suspender is straight with a claw mount riveted to the medal.

Metal: Silver.

Size: 36mm.

Clasps: ‘TRANSKEI’, ‘BASUTOLAND’ and ‘BECHUANALAND’.

Naming: Either faint indented or engraved blocked capitals but examples with impressed narrow capitals also exist.

Comments: Only 5252 of these medals were awarded by the Cape Government to colonial troops who put down a number of small native uprisings (with only 15 being issued to British troops.) However there were only actually 5156 recipients as some 96 issues of this medal were duplicates or triplicates.

The medal was usually awarded with a clasp although 10 were awarded without and only 23 medals exist with all three.
Last edited by Unknownsoldier on 09 Aug 2008 21:04, edited 1 time in total.
BENEATH THIS STONE RESTS THE BODY OF A BRITISH WARRIOR UNKNOWN BY NAME OR RANK BROUGHT FROM FRANCE TO LIE AMONG THE MOST ILLUSTRIOUS OF THE LAND. THEY BURIED HIM AMONG THE KINGS BECAUSE HE HAD DONE GOOD TOWARD GOD AND TOWARD HIS HOUSE.
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Re: Medals of the Victorian Period - A Basic Intro'

Postby Unknownsoldier » 17 Jul 2008 10:44

1901 – China War Medal 1900

Date Instituted: 1901.

Campaign: Third China War 1900.

Description: The obverse of this medal has the crowned bust of Queen Victoria looking left with the legend 'VICTORIA REGINA ET IMPERATRIX'. The reverse is the same as the First and Second China War medals with the coat of Royal Arms on a shield in front of a cannon and the inscription ‘ARMIS EXPOSCERE PACIM’. The main difference is the date 1900 in the exergue below the word 'CHINA'. The suspender is straight and fixed to the medal via a claw mount.

Clasps: 'TAKU FORTS', DEFENCE OF LEGATIONS and 'RELIEF OF PEKIN'.

Naming: Naming is seen in both engraved and impressed form including running script for the Royal Field Artillery and Indian units.

Comments: The 'Defence of Legations' clasp is extremely rare and should be verified to a medal roll before purchase as many fakes exist. A bronze version of this medal also exists for issues made to certain native units.
BENEATH THIS STONE RESTS THE BODY OF A BRITISH WARRIOR UNKNOWN BY NAME OR RANK BROUGHT FROM FRANCE TO LIE AMONG THE MOST ILLUSTRIOUS OF THE LAND. THEY BURIED HIM AMONG THE KINGS BECAUSE HE HAD DONE GOOD TOWARD GOD AND TOWARD HIS HOUSE.
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