I recently came across accounts of Major John Buckley, VC, and understood “devised” to mean “invented”. However, in light of the respective postings by Liz and L. Braden, before driven from the board, I was mistaken.
“There are period references to local rulers using this as a method of execution long before the Mutiny, along with execution by elephant and other far more drawn out processes.”
“Blowing from guns was originally a Mughal/Moghul method of punishing rebels, traitors, etc., and later adopted by the French and British in India”
Major John Buckley, VC, was a Conductor / Deputy Assistant Commissary / Assistant Commissionary of Ordnance in the Commissariat Department (Bengal Establishment) of the British East India Company in early May, 1857.
He was one of nine men who defended the ammunition storehouse for more than five hours against large numbers of mutineers. When the wall was being scaled and hope of outside help gone, they blew up the ammunition (being the VC action), killing many of the mutineers. Of the defenders, five died in the explosion and one shortly afterwards, while Buckley and two others survived.
Buckley and one other escaped. By the time he was captured he had learnt that his wife and three children had been murdered. (He had previously “lost” his first wife and five other children). Notwithstanding his requests, his captors refused to kill him due to his bravery at the magazine.
He again escaped. Less than a month later he was “Provost Marshal at Meerut, where one of his duties was to superintend the execution of 150 rebels. He devised their punishment of being strapped to the muzzle of a cannon and blown apar
(Brian Best, The Victoria Crosses that Saved an Empire: The Story of the VCs of the Indian Mutiny
, Casemate Publishers, 2016, Chapter 1, pp 2 & 3.
(( Blog:) Cocker Hill, Stalybridge, A Stalybridge Hero: Major John Buckley VC
, March 3, 2013, https://cockerhill.com/2013/03/03/john- ... ills-hero/
Also see: https://cockerhill.files.wordpress.com/ ... uckley.jpg